Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, also known as CBT, is a goal-orientated therapy which allows one to look at problem-solving in a practical way. Many describe it as combination of both psychotherapy and behavioural therapy.
CBT focuses on how our thoughts (the cognitive part) affect our behaviour, especially when dealing with emotional difficulties. Therefore, CBT helps us as individuals manage our problems by changing how we think and act on a daily basis.
PowerSis CBT therapists believe the following:
“…that it is not the actual incidents that affect us, but the way in which we process them.”
The CBT process focuses on the following 2 phases: Phase 1- attention is given to relieving the symptoms that brought the client to the therapist, by – ‘speaking out’- and – ‘looking’ at the cause; and Phase 2 – being the ability to reinforce improvements and connections (connections means that which has been made from the cause and effect; ‘cause’ being integral to phase 1; and effect being integral to phase2).
Unlike many other therapies, CBT focuses on the ‘here and now’ as opposed to looking back and analysing past events. CBT breaks down problems into smaller manageable parts. The therapy aims to break the ‘circles’ of unhelpful behaviour and feelings; replace the negative feelings and action with positive and purposeful effects: Further explained, for example, the loss of a job can cause one to sit and ‘moan’, feel sorry for one’s self, be angry and possibly depressed; but applying for other jobs and ‘up skilling’ yourself is the purposeful effect/action. The ultimate goal of this technique is to empower the client to work out for themselves the connections between events, feelings and actions, resulting in the client being able to positively deal with what they believe to be adversity.
More often than not, CBT is undertaken on a one-to-one basis with the therapist. However, CBT groups also exist where others can provide mutual support for shared difficulties by providing input of a personal nature.